Friday, June 12, 2015

San Diego Service Dog Loses Certification For Being a "Biker?"

It has finally been decided. Just like when municipal police shut down enterprising young children's lemonade stands, a non profit organization given Draconian powers, has acted for the "greater good." A therapy dog dressed too much like a biker?  That simply cannot be tolerated. Thus, "Chopper" the therapy dog is being "put down," in much the same way, figuratively speaking.

Who The Heck Is Chopper?

"Chopper," no not this bloke here, is known as the "biker dog," a therapy dog that visited nursing home patients in the San Diego area, and he actually lost his special therapy license, because of his patriotic biker costumes. The 5 year-old Boston terrier wears a leather vest and protective goggles, when he rides his owner’s motorcycle in his own protective seat to visit patients.

The interesting story about this black and white canine, is that he is actually "in character" dressing like a biker doggy.  What do I mean? What I mean is, Chopper really is a biker. In fact, as part of the therapy he provides people, he often rides his own mini dog motorcycle into patient’s rooms.

Video Of Chopper Riding His Motorcycle

His owner said Chopper began riding the mini motorcycle at about three months old and likes being on it.  Chopper’s owner Mark Shaffer said the dog is in high demand and they receive requests for Chopper to make visits up and down the West Coast. Shaffer received news that Chopper my lose his therapy license because of his costumes.

What is this all about?

Simple, according to at least one opinion piece and the available direct and circumstantial evidence, it appears so. It looks like this is about the political views held by most bikers, pure and simple. Bikers and the biker image will always be known for being the tough white male, who is self sufficient, keeps and bears firearms, hates regulations and big government. Makes sense, given the history that the original M/C's were started by war vets after WW2.

In fact, many of those war vets settled right here in San Diego, California, and their progeny continue to do so after each war, or End of Active Service ("EAS.") This town also has a higher percentage overall of domiciliary inhabitants, and seniors in hospital who are vets. Vets and bikers typically have patriotic value systems such as the "apple pie" ideals pushed by the so called 99% biker clubs.

Enter Political Correctness and Discrimination 

But alas, just when we finally found a cool story reflecting our values, a story with even Soviet sounding names has surfaced. It really looks like Chopper has been stripped of his doggy certification because he is not POLITICALLY CORRECT!

You heard me right. Read on if you want to doubt me. As you read, imagine if Chopper wanted to wear a dress and he reflected LGBT values, and ask yourself if this would have happened. The war on patriotism seems to be rearing its ugly head everywhere we turn. In a story that sounds more like big government dispensing "justice," Chopper was stripped his certification to continue helping patients and others needing dog therapy because of the values his costume reflects.

Pet Partners - Who Are They and Their Position

“We are concerned about the clothing in which Chopper is in the community. We are also concerned about the perception that your team may be creating in the community with regard to therapy animals.” - Bilyana Yakova, Pet Partner’s Program Manager
On the heels of the Texas 1% er shootout, and conservative bikers marching on DC, the nonprofit group Pet Partners, a group that allegedly insures and evaluates therapy animals,now claims that their policy prohibits therapy dogs from wearing costumes. Comrade Yakova stated that this ensures the safety of the animal and patients. Comrade Glen Miller, Pet Partner’s Director of Communications, stated that animals wearing costumes impairs the animals ability to see, move and respond.

Miller also said that a costume is not appropriate for therapy animals visiting hospitals.  Chopper's owner says that Chopper’s biker uniform makes patients laugh and prior to interacting with patients his goggles are removed. The dog owner also says that Chopper rides a motorcycle, so he is not really wearing a costume at all. Miller said that Chopper can continue to see patients because he doesn’t need a license to continue as a therapy dog.

But is that really fair?  I mean think about it, a shootout involving bikers in Texas and then an email from one of the women who run Pet Partners, canceling the license of Chopper the Biker Dog. Seriously?  Imagine a bunch of black protestors wearing hoodies being used as a pretext to take away the rights of all blacks.  How would that go down? I fail to see the difference with what happened here to the owner of Chopper if the circumstantial evidence is as powerful as I think it is.

The Pet Partners Director of Communications said many hospitals prefer therapy dogs to be licensed, and Chopper can continue his bad boy style and be registered with a different animal organization that is more accepting of his costume.  What if Chopper cannot get re certified by someone else? What other pet certification programs are accepted by the local hospitals and other hospitals that Chopper once visited. We are waiting for a reply to our email asking these very questions. What if this is really about the political views of the owner of Chopper, and the views held by most bikers and vets?

Can the dog owner sue Bilyana Yakova, and/or Pet Partners, based upon Pet Partners operating as "State Actors?" In my opinion, there is a chance there is a colorable claim here. Imagine once again, if this involved a male dog wearing a dress, the LGBT community would already be boycotting people and trashing Yakova online calling her a "racist, bigot and homophobe." Same goes if the dog was owned by a black man, and the dog was wearing a rapper costume.

And here, there is overwhelming evidence that Pet Partners knew that Chopper was wearing a biker outfit for years, but did not act. So even if, as Pet Partners alleges, Chopper was not allowed to wear a costume, the principles of "waiver" definitely come into play here as a defense to enforcement. 

But of course, here we have a white male who is a real estate professional, who rides bikes, and uses his cool dog who also rides bikes, to enrich the lives of others. What rights are afforded to him and the others who are now being deprived of Chopper and his love? The reasons for cancellation were clearly pre textual in my mind.

What About Getting Pet Partner's Certification Powers/ Non Profit Status Revoked?

If you believe that Yakova acted in a discriminatory fashion, contact your state representative, speak to your lawyer as well. Let them know how you feel. It's time for the silent majority to stand up for their rights and beat back the PC crowd before it is too late.

Monday, June 8, 2015

Number of Dog Bites Vary by Breed

Selective Breeding and Child Safety

Dogs have been bred for thousands of years to meet many needs. Certain characteristics are selectively accentuated over many generations to give us dozens and dozens of different dog breeds. These different breeds have different temperaments and tendencies. Of course, any dog could have issues or could be potentially dangerous to a stranger. Even dogs within a household for years can suddenly snap up and bite an owner or child. In the case of Los Angeles and its thousands of dogs, this is especially the case.

The sheer number of animals that are either owned as pets or as strays present a daily danger. According to the Los Angeles Veterinary Public Health Department, bats, cats, and dogs have all carried rabies nearby. This increases in other parts of the state. Statistics paint a daunting picture regarding dog bites. Unfortunately, certain breeds of man's best friend show which are more likely to be involved in bites.

These include German Shepherds, Jack Russell Terriers, Pit Bulls, Rottweilers, Spaniels, Collies, Doberman Pinschers, Chows, and even the Labrador Retriever. In particular, Pit Bulls and Rottweilers are considerably more likely to be involved in fatal incidents. There are many studies to determine which types of dogs are more likely to bite.

Many point to smaller and medium sized breeds as more likely to snap than larger dogs. Some of these bites from smaller dogs may not leave as much damage, perhaps also leading to a lower reporting rate. However, this could also explain why these dogs are so aggressive, as the relatively small damage is not corrected by their owners. Furthermore, dogs bred to fight or protect like pit bulls, German Shepherds, or Rottweilers can leave severe damage, especially on children. Statistically, children are much, much more likely to be bit than adults.

When faced with the aftermath of a bite, animal control must determine the animal's history and breed to see if there was a significantly heightened risk of attack. Dog owners that did not properly socialize or train their dogs can be at fault for its actions. According to the California Civil Code 3342, the owner can be legally responsible whether or not the dog showed aggressive tendencies beforehand.

When faced with injury due to dog bite, it is important to seek proper medical care to prevent further trauma and infection. An attorney specialized in dog bite injuries and experienced in and out of court is especially important.

Michael Ehline's experience in the field has enabled him to help hundreds of similar injury victims gain compensation for their injuries. He especially aims to help children of such attacks and has a record that is second to none.

Ehline Law is available 24/7 for consultation and one of our team members will meet you anywhere in the state to hear your story. Call or email us today for more information, or go here to learn more.

Wednesday, February 11, 2015

Dog Bite Injury Attorneys Are Next After the Emergency Room

When a person, especially a small child or little one is bitten, we know that we must rush our kids to the hospital. But there are also some other things that we need to think about. It seems that most of the cases that come my way, seem to be where another person's dog bit a child in the face.

These are tragic situations. Sometimes it is a visiting family member who brought their dog, others, the assault takes place while you are visiting a friend, relative, or at a dog park. What you need to understand by now, adult or infant, is that you must get medical care, and probably psychological care depending upon your constitution.

Most people, no matter how bold in character, are not lawyers. Some lawyers are specially trained through years of handling these types of cases. Some lawyers understand some of the this interesting area of law. Most do not understand much of it. After the hospital, you need to get legal help with massive amounts of experience taking on these cases. There are some very interesting issues that have to do with coverage, eg, getting you paid, that only a special operator like Michael Ehline should be doing for you.

You are visiting the Ehline Law dog bite blog, which is the specialized canine attack blog from one of the most well respected personal injury firms in the Los Angeles area, precisely because of our attention to success. We have handled many types of animal caused injuries, especially bites.

The most common bites that we see are from dogs, which could cause severe injury or disfigurement. There is no reason that a dangerous dog is allowed to interact with the public and cause harm to an innocent passerby or child. With the risk of severe injury increasing sharply for kids, keeping them safe is of paramount importance.

When bit by a dog, there is often need for immediate medical attention. The bite itself could cause severe lacerations down to the bone. Sometimes the twisting motion of the jaw can mangle soft tissue or hands.

There are also cases where puncture wounds could cause many problems, including the risk of infection. Even when the wound heals, it could leave long, visible scars on different parts of the body. Those injured in such a manner, especially younger people, could face severe emotional trauma.

Ehline Law works to get you medical coverage, even if you do not have medical insurance. Our skilled attorneys can even in some cases, find qualified doctors to treat you, and possibly even front part of the money we are allowed by law, in order for you to make sure you are on the path to recovery. We also work on contingency, so that we don't get paid unless we recover for you.

No matter what your injury, we will do our best to determine how and why the accident happened, including the liability incurred by the animal owner or controller. We can find out if the dog has been improperly cared for, including lack of medical care. We can also ascertain if the hound has been maltreated or has no proper training for interacting with strangers.

No matter what the cause, we will make sure that these facts come to light. This makes paying for the cost of medical care and long term suffering easier and more manageable. No matter what you do, if you or someone you know was bitten by a bad dog, get medical attention, get stabilized, and get an attorney. Call one today for more information about one can help you and your loved ones get through these difficult times.

Most of the time consultations with lawyers that help in dog bite lawsuits, are free and can even be done over the phone. Of course, conversations between your lawyer and your are legally confidential, and your lawyer does not hold the privilege, you do. So if you are here in the country illegally, it doesn't matter, our founders believed that rights were inherent and given by a Creator.

Government must yield to the natural rights of man to be made whole when another person has caused the visitor an offense. The government instead, will preside over a claim in negligence, in a court of law, unless the parties can resolve the case first, by the defendant, his insurance carrier(s), his trustee, or whomever else is the person responsible to pay the victim. Payment of money to the victim, or to the survivors is the object.

Because many dog owners do not have assets, or large policies of insurance, many of the victims are never fully compensated. This is why we need to look for the landlord who is aware of a dangerous dog on the property. Here, you may be able to open up a large policy of insurance. Just one example.

The moral of the story is, get a lawyer after you get treated, and work with your counsel to achieve justice. 

Tuesday, February 4, 2014

Police Can Charge You With Murder for Fighting Off a Dog Attack But Can You Sue Them For Killing Yours?

In a not so often discussed dog attack scenario, is when a police dog is used to enable an over zealous law enforcement officer to abuse or exceed the amount of force or harm necessary to subdue a crime suspect. One this people seem to forget, is if an individual fends off a dog attack and it results in the death of the dog, the person defending himself can be charged with murder. So in this case at bar, we have a victim who risks being charged with murder if the victim attempts a defense. This is the law.

 California Law On Fighting Off Police Dogs (Source Here.)

Penal Code 600

(a) Any person who willfully and maliciously and with no legal justification strikes beats, kicks, cuts, stabs, shoots with a firearm, administers any poison or other harmful or stupefying substance to, or throws, hurls, or projects at, or places any rock, object, or other substance which is used in a manner as to be capable of producing injury and likely to produce injury, on or in the path of, any horse being used by, or any dog under the supervision of, any peace officer in the discharge or attempted discharge of his or her duties, is guilty of a public offense. If the injury inflicted is a serious injury, as defined in subdivision (c), the person shall be punished by impreisonment in the state prison for 16 months, two or three years, or in a county jail for not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars ($2000.00), or by both a fine and imprisonment. If the injury inflicted is not a serious injury, the person shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding one thousand $(1000.00), or by both a fine and imprisonment.

(b) Any person who wilfully and maliciously and with no legal justification interferes with or obstructs any horse or dog being used by any peace officer in the discharge or attempted discharge of his or her duties by frightening, teasing, agitating, harassing, or hindering the horse or dog shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail for not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding one thousand ($1000.00), or by both a fine and imprisonment.

(c) Any person who, in violation of this section, and with intent to inflict such injury or death, personally causes the death, destruction, or serious physical injury including bone fracture, loss or impairment of function of any bodily member, wounds requiring extensive suturing, or serious crippling, of any horse or dog, shall, upon conviction of a felony under this section, in addition and consecutive to the punishment prescribed for the felony, be punished by an additional term of imprisonment in the state prison for one year.

(d) Any person who, in violation of this section, and with the intent to inflict such injury, personally causes great bodily injury, as defined in Section 12022.7, to any person not an accomplice, shall upon conviction of a felony under this section, in addition and consecutive to the punishment prescribed for the felony, be punished by an additional term of imprisonment in the state prison for two years unless the conduct described in this subdivision is an element of any other offense of which the person is convicted or receives an enhancement under Section 12002.7.

(e) In any case in which a defendant is convicted of a violation of this section, the defendant shall be ordered to make restitution to the agency owning the animal and employing the peace officer for any veterinary bills, replacement costs of the animal if it is disabled or killed, and the salary of the peace officer for the period of time his or her services are lost to the agency.

Leg.H. 1984 ch. 443. effective July 12, 1984, 1985 chs. 106, 765.

1984 Note: the Legislature inserted a cross-reference to Penal Code Section 12002.7 in subdivision (d) by Stats. 1984 ch. 443. However, the cross-reference is to a section that does not exist.

In the case at bar, the city of Hayward, California is settling a lawsuit for $225,000 of a police dog attack and this will mark the third settlement in under a year for the city. The lawsuit stems from a worker at a kennel being bitten by the police dog in 2011 at the Breton’s School for Dogs and Cats in Danville. According to court records the attack occurred when police officer Vince Celes attempted to put a collar and leash on Nero the police dog, when the dog broke loose and went after one of the employees, Jose Rojas.

 Rojas attempted to go up a fence to get away from the dog, but it bit one leg and then latched on to the other, according to Hayward City Attorney Michael Lawson. The kennel worker was hospitalized after the attack for complications from an infection. According to Lawson, Nero the police canine has been retired and the city of Hayward is no longer using the kennel for the police department dogs. Lawson said that Rojas has returned to work at the kennel after recovering.

The Hayward City Council on January 21st approved a settlement for $225,000 at the meeting. June 18th the City Council approved a $1.5 million dollar settlement in a police dog attack that occurred when police were searching for a robbery suspect in 2011. Officer Loring Cox lifted a police canine, Nicky into the Hayward yard of 89 year-old Jesse Porter, while searching for the robbery suspect at an area restaurant. Porter was bitten on the calf and a few days later developed gangrene, which resulted in his leg being amputated above the knee. According to San Francisco attorney Matthew Davis, who represented the family Porter died approximately two months later in a rehabilitation center. The third lawsuit occurred approximately 11 months earlier and involved the police dog Nicky, during a traffic stop.

Officer Cox let Nicky loose when the traffic stop began escalating and the officers felt threatened, according to Assistant City Attorney Joseph Brick. The traffic stop involved Lawrence Sterling, who was bit on the ankle by the police canine. Officers transported Sterling to St. Rose Hospital for treatment of the dog bite. The city settled with Cox for $25,500, which according to Lawson was less expensive than taking the lawsuit to trial. Nicky the police canine was retired.

In any event, the dog was still a police dog.  This means the worker risked being tried for murder if a defense was attempted. The only real way to stop a rabid dog is to kill it.  In California, the owner of the dog is strictly liable for any harm a dog does.  But it has been argued for years by criminal defense attorneys that police sick their dogs on people they don't like, with the hopes that the victim will harm or kill the dog, and pick up another charge!

So at Ehline Law we think the law should be repealed. After all, an ordinary person cannot even sue for the death of their dog for pain and suffering in California courts (See source), yet the police can charge you with a crime like battery. What do you think? Sound off.

More News Citations:

Thursday, October 10, 2013

Dog Breeds Often Involved in Attacks

It is true that any breed of dog can bite and especially if the owner has not trained the canine properly or controls it around other people. The dog can be large or small, but be vicious around other people besides their owners; age does not make a difference either, so being young or old will not stop a canine from biting. Any of these animals have the ability to attack, injuring a child or adult in the process and one of the canines whose breed is often the subject of terror for people is the Pit Bull, which is a terrier breed.

This dog breed is responsible for a larger percentage of serious canine attacks that result in lengthy hospital stays and in some situations death. This is a canine which has a muscular body and extremely strong jaws and they are often subjected to abuse by their owners in order to make them vicious.

When Pit Bulls Attack

When Pit Bull canines attack the injuries can be severe and in some cases deadly, which has led to some municipalities either limiting or banning this type of pet ownership to reduce the amount of incidences that occur within their county or district. There are other municipalities that have attempted to establish this type of ban or limitation of ownership of this breed of canines has not been successful in other cities.

Study Data

The Coalition for Living Safely with Dogs, has complied data to show dog bite attacks in specific areas, like Denver, Colorado where during 2007 the most common breeds of dogs involved in attacks or that bit humans was surprising with:
  • Labrador Retrievers were responsible for 13.3 percent of dog bites.
  • Pit Bulls came in at 8.4 percent. 
  • German Shepherds at 7.8 percent. 
  • Rottweilers at 3.9 percent 
  • Chow canines at 3.5 percent.

Breed and Appearance

Labradors being the leading canines in dog bite attacks is surprising, since these types of dogs are generally believed to be mild natured, good family pets and good with children. One of the main problems is that canines can become aggressive as a consequence of their training and the owner of the canine can be held responsible for the dog’s actions. This is a reason why it should never be assumed that any breed of canine is safe, friendly and does not ever attack, even if they are usually a good natured friendly breed. Even appearance when the animal looks like it is friendly is not a guarantee that it will not bite.

In many states, including California it is not necessary for the plaintiff to show that the canine has a prior history of attacks. Though, the defendant may use the fact that the dog has never been vicious and has never bitten before. If the owner of the canine has knowledge of a history of aggressive actions by the dog and fails to control the animal it may be considered aggregating circumstances, which can result in the dog bite attack victim recovering punitive damages.

Legal Assistance

The top Los Angeles, Southern California dog bite injury attorneys at Ehline law, have experience, litigation skills and resources to represent dog bite attack victims in cases involving aggressive canine breeds. Often one of the documents they will obtain during their investigation is the animals veterinary records that may show aggressive behavior, which can be used in negotiating with the owners insurance company or in civil court. In cases that involve larger canines, such as Pit Bulls, Rottweilers and German Shepherds it takes an accomplished legal professional to ensure the plaintiff recovers the future medial compensation that may be necessary for ongoing medical treatment, surgeries or therapy. 

The goal is to make certain the client is able to heal without the financial stress that an injury of this kind can cause with medical expenses, loss of wages and other damages. Expert litigators can assist the family that has lost a loved one in a dog bite attack to hold the canine owner responsible for the animal’s actions.

Saturday, May 25, 2013

Dog Bite Prevention Week

This last week was National Dog Bite Prevention Week, which is sponsored by the U.S. Postal Service. This comes on the heels of a recently released study that names California the number one state for dog bites. This is not surprising to Ehline Law dog bite attorneysthough it is upsetting to know harm of this type is what rated their state as number one. The other states that are included in the top ten and follow California are Illinois, Texas, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Indiana, Florida and Georgia. 
This study shows the millions of dollars paid out in insurance claims for canine bites or attacks that occurred during the year of 2012. 
During 2012 the number of dog bites reported was 451 and insurance claims costing $17.1 million in insurance payouts. The state of Illinois coming in second had approximately $9 million dollars less in insurance claims and over 100 less canine bites reported with 337 during the year of 2012. 
The reported national average during 2012 for reported victims bitten by dogs was approximately $4.5 million insurance claim payouts. They are also responsible for five percent of hospital emergency room visits nationwide. In the United States there are an estimated 70 million canines nationwide. 
Figures from the U.S. Post Office during 2012 were 5,879 mail carriers that were bitten by dogs and the postal service is quick to state that children are more often the victims of this kind of harm, even over the number of mail carriers sustaining harm. Reportedly this is the most common kind of injury that children suffer as a public health issue in the U.S. The U.S. Post Office is sponsoring National Dog Bite Prevention Week in order to bring attention to this problem and educate people how to behave in a situation that could result in a canine biting. 
Dogs are loyal, wonderful and intelligent animals, Dr. Douglas G. Aspros president of the American Veterinary Medical Association said. He said that dogs rely on their owners to be responsible and teach them how to act around people, but when an owner is irresponsible and the dog bites, the owner should be held negligently responsible. This is even more important when the canine is dangerous or has aggressive tendencies and has an owner not doing the proper training; they need to be held responsible. 
Dr. Aspros stated how important it is to have an understanding of canine behavior and the way people should act when they are around them, which could reduce the amount of serious physical and emotional harm that occurs when dogs bite. There are some tips that have been provided by the U.S. Post Office involving dogs and while some may have been heard before they can never be heard often enough. These tips include not approaching strange dogs and use caution interacting with dogs you do not know. If you believe that a dog may bite or attack, it is suggested to avoid screaming or running from the animal and stand still with your arms at your sides. Do not directly look the dog in the eye, this may be seen as challenging the animal, instead avoid direct eye contact until the canine loses interest and walks away. In the event that the canine does attack, put your jacket or any other item between you and the animal, which may cause them to take that to attack. This will give the individual time to back away, but do not run, since this would bring immediate and unwanted attention from the dog. If the individual is on the ground or ends up on the ground, then it is suggested to be essential to remain motionless and curl up in a fetal position. 
Los Angeles Dog Bite Lawyers
When a dog bite happens to you or a family member, legal assistance is necessary and the seasoned dog bite lawyers at Ehline Law Firm, PC can evaluate your claim, provide the understanding of legal paths that can be taken in holding the irresponsible and negligent dog owner accountable for the canine’s actions. Contact our offices at Ehline Law Firm, PC as soon as possible at 888-400-9721 or by using our online evaluation form at the website for a free consultation to discuss your case. 
Other Sources: 

Wednesday, May 15, 2013

Elderly Amputee Dies After Dog Attack

I am still doing the research on SC dog bite law. But in California, when a dog attacks, the owner and controller of the dog is strictly liable for the attack. Some states have a one bite rule. So let's see how this pans out. The facts are as follows: A South Carolina 80 year-old double amputee has died from injuries suffered during an attack by four dogs that drug the elderly man from his wheelchair, according to authorities.

Major John Garrison spokesman for the Dorchester County Sheriff’s Department said that on May 8th Carlton Freeman of Harleyville was riding in his motorized wheelchair when he was attacked by the canines. Garrison said an incident report states that Freeman said he was drug from his wheelchair during the attack. The attack occurred in a location approximately 50 miles northwest of Charleston, South Carolina. Freeman said in the report the dogs were biting him and pulling on his clothes. Freeman died on Sunday from the injuries sustained during the dog attack.

Tuesday Coroner Chris Nesbit stated the elderly man had both legs amputated at the knee from an injury that happened years before. The coroner said in a statement that Freeman had bites and lacerations over his entire body and he said he was surprised the elderly man lived as long as he did. He said it was sad, but was even worse because Freeman was “basically helpless during the attack, since he was a bi-lateral amputee.”

According to Maj. Garrison officers were able to capture three of the four dogs, which were taken to the animal shelter. He said officers are still trying to locate the fourth dog involved in the attack. Three of the four dogs were owned by a woman that lived in the neighborhood, according to a police report that also stated blood was found on the dogs.

Police have not made any arrests in the dog attack and death of Mr. Freeman. Authorities said this is the second fatal dog mauling in the county in a little over 12 months, with the first attack in 2012 involving a 2 year-old child that was pulled from a baby swing by the family dog, while the baby’s father was asleep. The child was killed and dismembered in the attack.  


Dog on a Leash

Dog on a Leash
Even while on a leash a dog can attack